Yet, in 1730, we find the learned Baron Senckenberg reproducing Zanger’s treatise, not as an arch?ological curiosity, but as a practical text-book for the guidance of lawyers and judges. Carlyle—himself a voluminous laugher at times—when writing of Teufelsdrockh’s great laugh hurls contempt on these triflers with the big things of mirth in this wise: they “only sniff and titter and sniggle from the throat outwards; or at best produce some whiffling, husky cachinnation, as if they were laughing through wool”.[29] An accurate scientific record of these strange perversions of laughter, even though it were less picturesque than Carlyle’s description, would be of considerable value. In studying this question I find an unaccountable timidity on both sides. Moore to Lord Byron—the last of whom had just involved the publication, against which he was cautioned as having a taint in it, in a prosecution for libel by his _Vision of Judgment_, and the first of whom had scarcely written any thing all his life that had not a taint in it. The play-impulse provides its own ends; for, without something to aim at, it could not become conscious activity in the full sense. Every thing showy, every thing extraneous tempts him, and he reposes idly on it: he is bent on pleasure, not on business. ’Twould tell how bright, to Childhood’s eyes, 1 page essay on rabindranath tagore name The glory of existence seems, How swiftly life’s ensuing hours Lose one by one their golden gleams. Torture continued to disgrace the jurisprudence of Wurtemberg and Bavaria until 1806 and 1807. If the surface line were owned by a rival company, there would be an entirely different schedule of fares, speed and stops on the elevated road, intended to crowd it with passengers and to derive the largest possible revenue from it alone. have we animal magnetism in the dance too? It is sheltered on the north-east by a bold promontory called Winterton-Ness, and well known to the mariner as the most fatal headland between Scotland and London. 1 page essay on rabindranath tagore name He infers that there is no essential, original desire of happiness in the human mind, because this desire varies according to circumstances, or is different in different persons, and in the same person at different times according to the humour he is in, &c. Again: ‘a poet possesses one kind of imagination in a high degree; but has he therefore every kind of imagination, as that of inventing machines, of composing music, &c.?’ Page 275. This is the scriptural account, and the poet has followed it. From the smallest interest, upon the slightest provocation, we see those rules every day, either evaded or directly violated without shame or remorse. Chapple, for an able exposition of the economic causes underlying the alarming increase in the unfit population. The more costly the articles he destroys, the more pleasure he seems to have in the indulgence of this propensity for mischief and evil. ‘But I know that I shall become that being.’ Then my interest in it is founded on that knowledge, and not on an event which not only is not felt by my mind, but is itself yet to come, viz. It is not a fashion got up and put on for the occasion; it is the very condition and ground-work of their being. In this way having passed through numberless transmigrations, he was Adam, Abel, or Melchisadeck, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, Moses, Joshua, Samson, Goliah, David, and Solomon. It is the inestimable privilege of the librarian of a small library in a small community to know her public, its wants, its needs, its abilities and its limitations in a way that is denied to custodians of huge collections. Men have written weightily on the nature of wit and its relation to intellect in general and to humour. In the winter of 1799, the light-house cliffs, projecting from the beach three hundred and twenty feet, made several remarkably large shoots, one of which brought with it half an acre of ground, and extended into the sea beyond low water mark. The representations familiar among the North American Indians are usually only pictures, while most of the records of the Aztec communities are in picture-writing. There may be more in regard to the policy of telling the whole truth regarding a state of things that is morally very bad. AMERICAN LANGUAGES, AND WHY WE SHOULD STUDY THEM.[263] _Contents._—Indian geographic names—Language a guide to ethnology—Reveals the growth of arts and the psychologic processes of a people—Illustration from the Lenape tongue—Structure of language best studied in savage tongues—Rank of American tongues—Characteristic traits; pronominal forms; idea of personality; polysynthesis; incorporation; holophrasis; origin of these—Lucidity of American tongues; their vocabularies; power of expressing abstract ideas—Conclusion. But there are no rules whose observance will infallibly lead us to the attainment of elegance or sublimity in writing; though there are some which may help us, in some measure, to correct, and ascertain the vague ideas which we might otherwise have entertained of those perfections. A young man who has no relish for the diversions and amusements that are natural and suitable to his age, who talks of nothing but his book or his business, is disliked as formal and pedantic; and we give him no credit {219} for his abstinence even from improper indulgences, to which he seems to have so little inclination. But Sir Isaac Newton, from mechanical principles, concluded, that, as the parts of the Earth must be more agitated by her diurnal revolution at the Equator, than at the Poles, they must necessarily be somewhat elevated at the first, and flattened at the second. There is an inflexibility about the poetic drama which is by no means a matter of classical, or neoclassical, or pseudo-classical law. Of course, continuance of effort, virtuous though it may be, will be of little avail without ability, intelligence, common-sense–at least a modicum of those qualities whose complete combination makes up that wholly impossible creature, the Perfect Librarian. On the other hand, it is equally clear, from his words and examples, that they had figures which represented sounds, and that they combined these and added a determinative or an ideogram to represent words or phrases. Do we not see an author, who has had a tragedy damned, sit at the play every night of a new performance for years after, in the hopes of gaining a new companion in defeat? The shortest measurements known to them appear to have been finger-breadths, which are expressed by the phrase _u nii kab_. In conformance with this principle of moral obligation, we choose the greater before the lesser good. Here are St._ George’s, Batemans, John Dories, Punchinello’s, _and the_ Creation of the World, _or what’s as good; here’s the_ German Artist _too, or one that can show more Tricks than he: If all this will not invite you, y’are grown more squeamish of late, Gentlemen, than you us’d to be, and the poor Bookseller will make but an indifferent Market of you. If some needed bit of service in an American town remains undone, and church and school and library all look the other way because it does not fall within a carefully-limited sphere of duty which each has assigned to itself, we shall count them all blameworthy, especially if it shall appear that one of them is equipped to perform that particular service easily, cheaply and well. The wheels of the watch are all admirably adjusted to the end for which it was made, the pointing of the hour. They are not even ‘good haters:’ for they hate not what degrades and afflicts, but what consoles and elevates the mind. Yet I venture to say that the opinion is steadily gaining ground that these interesting memorials of vanished nations are not older than the medi?val period of European history. Here, surely, the gyrations of the moral figure reach the height of absurdity. But, prepared by warnings, and skilled in magic power, Xbalanque and his brother foiled the murderous designs of the lords of Xibalba; pretending to be burned, and their ashes cast into the river, they rose from its waves unharmed, and by a stratagem slew Hun-Came and Vukub-Came. The individual is not of sufficient importance to occupy his own thoughts or the thoughts of others. Not all risings of the vital tide, however, produce laughter. If you appear not to respect him as he {227} respects himself, he is more offended than mortified, and feels the same indignant resentment as if he had suffered a real injury. 217. The theory of degradation evidently recognises this: by making the ludicrous consist in a loss of dignity it points at once to the human sphere. Though a respect for the customary prompts us at first to ridicule any sudden and impressive change in ideas or habits of life, yet, when the change is in a fair way of becoming fixed, the same feeling will urge us to make merry over those who show an obstinate prejudice in favour of the old. Here are no Jeremy Bentham Panopticons, none of Mr. I do not say that a conception of the whole, and a feeling of the art will not abridge the labour of copying, or produce a truer likeness; but it is the changeableness or identity of the object that chiefly constitutes the difficulty or facility of imitating it, and, in the latter case, reduces it nearly to a mechanical operation. Or of the time when she who was all grace moved in measured steps before me, and wafted me into Elysium? The constant invocation of the gods, which forms so marked a feature of the cuneiform inscriptions, indicates a belief in the divine guidance of human affairs which could hardly fail to find expression in direct appeals for light in the administration of justice. I cannot acknowledge that the propositions so carefully worked up by Humboldt and Steinthal have been refuted by M. The late Professor Porson was said to be a match for the Member for Old Sarum in argument and raillery:—he was a profound scholar, and had wit at will—yet what did it come to? As the criminal was not responsible to the state, but to the injured party, personal punishments were unknown, and the law made no attempt to decree them. Good taste and good sense, like common politeness, are, or are supposed to be, matters of course. Of all the duties of a lawgiver, however, this perhaps is that which it requires the greatest delicacy and reserve to execute with propriety and judgment. O water thou knowest what mortals do not comprehend. I do not think so. Such is the stuff of which our lives are made—bubbles that reflect the glorious features of the universe, and that glance a passing shadow, a feeble gleam, on those around them! If it concerns the editors and introducers of that work to discover who practiced and is responsible for that deception, let the original manuscript be produced and submitted to experts; if this is not done, let the book be hereafter pilloried as an imposture. We should have little respect for a private gentleman who did not exert himself to gain an estate, or even a considerable office, when he could acquire them without either meanness or injustice. We cannot even conceive that a degree of Heat or Cold, that a Smell, a Taste, or a Sound, should be divided (in the same manner as the solid and extended substance may be divided) into two halves, or into four quarters, or into any number of parts. This curious effect, as it may seem, of a mode of treatment which is primarily hurtful is to be explained in the main by its playful function. The prejudices of birth, the strength of the feudal principle, the force of chivalric superstition, the pride of self-reliance gave keener edge to the apprehension of losing an assured source of revenue. These languages, he says, possess a remarkable regularity of structure, and very few anomalies. This I was obliged to do with the whole dictionary, for although Mr. Every library that can afford to own an adding machine ought to have one. If they taste 1 page essay on rabindranath tagore name this bread and cheese created by Thee, may they tremble like a trembling tree, and have no rest, nor keep the bread and cheese in their mouths; that all may know Thou art the Lord, and there is none other but Thee!”[1081] As the efficiency of the ordeal depended upon the effect produced on the imagination of the patient clerical ingenuity exhausted itself in devising tremendous and awe-inspiring exorcisms. —– CHAP. The man who wrote Guise, O my lord, how shall I cast from me The bands and coverts hindering me from thee? But the honour of his exalted station appears, both in his own eyes and in those of other people, polluted and denied by the baseness of the means through which he rose to it. And so it goes: you may construct other problems for yourselves and imagine their solution, or lack of solution. Halloran’s view, as the remains of the disease in the state of a returning paroxysm, and that which characterises the permanently insane; but that this originated in, and depended on, causes which equally affect the animal spirits of the sane and insane, with this difference, that in the insane, as in this case, they are modified by the peculiar state of mind, and the sort of treatment they have received. Though our brother is upon the rack, as long as we ourselves are at our ease, our senses will never inform us of what he suffers. They are a kind of Ishmaelites, whose hand is _against_ others—what or who they are for (except themselves) I do not know. The idea came up again and again after this, thanks to the zeal and courage of isolated advocates. This is to paint true portrait and true history. Hall goes from Leicester to Bristol _to save more souls_! As you will see, they are all connected and overlap more or less. With respect to slaves, its provisions seem mainly borrowed from the Roman law. Fear, however, is a passion derived altogether {29} from the imagination, which represents, with an uncertainty and fluctuation that increases our anxiety, not what we really feel, but what we may hereafter possibly suffer. Neither is it only over the productions of the arts, that custom and fashion exert their dominion. There is nothing to help out, or slubber 1 page essay on rabindranath tagore name over, the defects of the voice in the one case, nor of the style in the other. The very force of this conception is sufficient, in their feeble frames, to produce that itching or uneasy sensation complained of. In one of our own branch libraries, in a well-to-do neighborhood, the librarian said to one of the young men at a social meeting, “I am curious to know why you come here. But do you suppose they like any thing else better than they do the Government? The associated idea either of a particular purpose, or of a purpose generally speaking can only have an immediate tendency to excite that particular action, with which it was associated, not any action whatever, merely because it may have a connection with some remote good. Hence the necessary origin of two other sets of words, of which the one should express quality; the other, relation. Apparently they felt that a fair field could not be had in either French or English territory, and they applied to Pedro el Ceremonioso of Aragon to provide the lists for them. Mac-Intosh in his public lectures used to deny the existence of such a feeling as general benevolence or humanity, on the ground that all our affections necessarily owe their rise to particular previous associations, and that they cannot exist at all unless they have been excited before in the same manner by the same objects. The treatment of this case Case No. Meredith’s Rosamund—with the laugh which only half-hides a kindly sentiment, say, a wish to help you to laugh away what will vex or harm you, it binds hearts yet more securely. In proof of the truth of this, I need only mention that every thing which excites the malignant passions, or produces misery and distraction of mind, increases these appearances. Woodward, in his Outline of the Geology of Norfolk, considers them to be of diluvial origin; but upon close inspection, they are found to contain strata and fossils which partake of the characters and may be ascribed to various parts of the tertiary period. The very {276} expression “the fashionable world” implies that the full magnificence and luxury of fashion is a monopoly. It is always mortifying not to be believed, and it is doubly so when we suspect that it is because we are supposed to be unworthy of belief and capable of seriously and wilfully deceiving. I have read of some savage nations, whose language {315} was capable of expressing no more than the three first numeral distinctions. Since that time it is said he was improved by a seton; but still he was to the last a stupid, heavy, idiotical looking man, and in reality was so. Some day an industrious student of library economy will tabulate these things that are independent of local conditions, or so nearly so that it is better to standardize them, and tell how the others should be varied with local topography, climate and population. Should then a bare residence in any place for the mere purpose of cure, be accompanied (in very many cases, it is unnecessary,) by an act which is considered as fixing the mark of degradation upon them, any more than it should in any other disease? For love between men, friendship, the Cree employs some words from the radical _saki_; but more frequently those compounded with the root _wit_ or _witch_, which means “in company with,”[366] and is the precise analogue of the syllable _com_ (Latin, _con_) in the English words companion, comrade, compeer, confederate, etc.; it conveys the idea of association in life and action, and that association a voluntary and pleasure-giving one. Footnote 73: The distinction between the motives to action and the _reasons_ for it cannot affect the argument here insisted on. Without luxurious salons, without plate and rare wines, without the theatre and the concert hall, they manage to obtain a good deal of genuine, unpretentious conviviality. This motive must characterize our whole style and deportment. The absence of the passive in most American tongues is supplied by similar inadequate collocations of words. At the same time, it seems probable that the several observers are dealing with different stages in the development of the smile. By Nature the events which immediately affect that little department in which we ourselves have some little management and direction, which immediately affect ourselves, our friends, our country, are the events which interest us the most, and which chiefly excite our desires and aversions, our hopes and fears, our joys and sorrows. Its extent in area is about two millions of square miles, and is confined within its narrowest limits between England and Holland, and there in consequence the tides rise highest. Rabindranath 1 essay on tagore page name.